It can be scary making a major decision concerning your biggest investment, the place that means the most to you. Deciding whether a reverse mortgage is right for you takes much thought and consideration. We hope the following questions and answers help you in this endeavor.
1. What Is A Reverse Mortgage?
A reverse mortgage is a unique loan that allows homeowner(s) 62 years of age and older to draw on the value of their home, which is paid to the homeowner(s) in a variety of payout options. One aspect of this loan is that it does not require repayment until the homeowner(s) no longer reside in the residence, the last surviving borrower passes away or does not comply with the loan obligations such as paying property taxes and insurance, and maintaining the property to FHA guidelines. Regulated by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), Home Equity Conversion Mortgages are insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and may help older qualified homeowners meet their financial needs easing money worries for greater peace of mind.
Prior to applying for the loan, it is required that you are made aware of the terms and conditions of the loan through sources provided by HUD. Contact the Housing Counseling Clearinghouse at 1-800-569-4287 to obtain the name and telephone number of a HUD-approved counseling agency. You may also contact our office and we will provide you with the list of HUD-approved reverse mortgage counseling agencies.
2. Is My Home Eligible For A Reverse Mortgage?
Homes eligible for a reverse mortgage include single-family homes, detached homes, townhouses, and two-to-four unit properties that are owner-occupied. Condominiums must be FHA-approved. Some manufactured homes are eligible but must meet FHA guidelines. Contact your Mortgage Loan Originator for more details on manufactured home eligibility.
3. What Are The Differences Between A Home Equity Loan And A Reverse Mortgage?
Reverse mortgages have become more popular because they allow the borrower to receive loan proceeds that do not require immediate repayment as long as you remain in your home as your primary residence, do not sell your home, at least one borrower lives in the home, you meet the basic income and credit standards, and follow loan guidelines.
On the other hand, obtaining a home equity loan (or home equity line of credit or second mortgage) requires that you have sufficient income to cover the debt- plus, you must continue to make monthly principal and interest mortgage payments.
With a reverse mortgage, you must meet basic income and credit guidelines but you do not make monthly principal and interest payments. Keep in mind you must continue to pay all property related fees, taxes and homeowner’s insurance and maintain the property in good condition.
4. How Much Cash Can I Expect To Get?
The cash you can potentially receive is based on the age of the youngest borrower, the current expected interest rate, the mortgage option selected, and the appraised value of the home. For instance, an older individual with a higher value home typically will be eligible for more than a younger person with the same home value at the same expected interest rate. How much money you can take in the first year is limited. For more information on distribution, limits go here.
5. What Happens If I Outlive The Loan? Will I Have To Repay The Lender?
No. As long as one of the borrowers on the loan note (or original non-borrowing spouse) lives in the home, continues to pay the taxes and insurance and maintains the home in good condition, you will not need to repay the loan. Once the last surviving borrower passes away (and any non-borrowing spouse), the home is sold or the obligations of the loan are not met, the loan must be repaid.
6. Must My House Be Paid Off For Me To Qualify For A Reverse Mortgage?*
At the time of application, your home mortgage balance does not have to be paid off to qualify. However, the loan proceeds you receive from a reverse mortgage must be used to pay off the existing mortgage or liens (if there is a mortgage balance owing). You will continue to hold title to your home subject to the mortgage securing the reverse mortgage loan.
7. Do I Have To Pay Taxes On The Cash Payments I Receive?
While the proceeds you receive from a reverse mortgage are typically not subject to individual income taxation, you will need to consult your tax advisor.
8. How Will This Loan Affect My Estate And How Much Will Be Left To My Heirs?
Once the last surviving borrower dies, sells your home, or no longer resides there as the primary residence, you or your estate is responsible for the repayment of the money you received from the reverse mortgage, plus interest and other fees. Any remaining equity belongs to either you or your heirs. A “non-recourse” clause prevents either you or your estate from being responsible for more than the value of your home when the loan is repaid. If the ending loan balance exceeds the home's value, the estate (heirs) can sign a deed in lieu of foreclosure releasing the property or, pay 95% of the home's appraised value, less customary closing costs & real estate commissions.
9. Should I Use An Estate Planning Service To Find A Reverse Mortgage?
HUD advises against using any service that charges a fee (except required HECM counseling) or any service that requests a lender referral fee to obtain a reverse mortgage. HUD provides this information free of charge and can direct you to HUD-approved housing agencies that offer approved reverse mortgage counseling or additional services that are free or have a minimal cost.
There is typically a reverse mortgage (HECM) counseling fee of up to $125. If the borrower cannot afford this fee, some counseling agencies will waive the fee for qualified applicants. You can find a HUD-approved housing counseling agency near you by calling 1-800-569-4287 toll free.
10. How Do I Receive My Payments?
Adjustable interest rate reverse mortgage payments can be received in one of five ways:
Tenure: equal monthly payments
Term: equal monthly payments for a fixed period of months as decided by the borrower
Line of Credit: payments made in installments or at various times and in amounts dictated by the borrower(s)
Modified Tenure: monthly payments with a line of credit
Modified Term: monthly payments for a fixed period of months with a line of credit
For fixed interest rate mortgages, you will receive the Single Disbursement Lump Sum payment plan.
*There are some circumstances that will cause the loan to mature and the balance to become due and payable. The borrower is still responsible for paying property taxes and insurance. Credit is subject to age, minimum income guidelines, credit history, and property qualifications. Program rates, fees, terms, and conditions are not available in all states and subject to change.
This material is not provided by, nor was it approved by the Department of Housing & Urban Development (HUD) or by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA).
This information is not intended to be a substitute for legal, tax or financial advice. Consult with a qualified attorney, accountant or financial advisor for additional legal or tax advice. These materials are not from HUD or FHA and were not approved by HUD or a government agency.
* There are some circumstances that will cause the loan to mature and the balance to become due and payable. The borrower(s) must continue to pay for property taxes and insurance and maintain the property to meet HUD standards or risk default. Credit is subject to age, minimum income guidelines, credit history, and property qualifications. Program rates, fees, terms and conditions are not available in all states and subject to change.
Synergy One Lending Inc. d/b/a Retirement Funding Solutions, NMLS 1025894. 3131 Camino Del Rio N 190, San Diego, CA 92108. Alabama Consumer Credit License #22123; Department of Financial Institutions - Arizona Mortgage Banker License 0926603; Licensed by the Department of Business Oversight under the California Residential Mortgage Lending Act – California License 4131356; Licensed by the Connecticut Consumer Credit Division - Mortgage Lender License ML-1025894; Regulated by the Colorado Division of Real Estate, Colorado Mortgage Company Registration 1025894; Delaware Licensed Lender #020926; District of Columbia Mortgage Dual Authority License MLB1025894; Florida Mortgage Lender License MLD1079; Georgia Residential Mortgage Licensee. Georgia Mortgage Lender License #46648; Hawaii Mortgage Loan Originator Company License #HI-1025894. Idaho Mortgage Broker/Lender License MBL-8537; Illinois Residential Mortgage Licensee #MB.6761115; Licensed by Indiana Department of Financial Institutions - First Lien Mortgage Lending License 27156; Iowa Division of Banking - Mortgage Banker License 2015-0038; Kansas Licensed Mortgage Company License #MC.0025258; Kentucky Mortgage Company License #MC327694; Louisiana Residential Mortgage Lending License #1025894; Maine Supervised Lender License 1025894; Maryland Commissioner of Financial Regulation - Mortgage Lender License 21678; Michigan 1st Mortgage Broker/Lender License FL0019960; Minnesota Residential Mortgage Originator License #MN-MO-1025894; Licensed by the Mississippi Department of Banking and Consumer Finance. Mississippi Mortgage Lender License #1025894; Montana Mortgage Lender License 1025894; Montana Mortgage Broker License 1025894; Nebraska Mortgage Banker License 1025894; Nevada Mortgage Broker License #4317. Licensed by the New Hampshire Banking Department 19926-MB; Licensed by the New Jersey Banking and Insurance Department – New Jersey Residential Mortgage Lender License 1025894; New Mexico Mortgage Loan Company License 1025894; Licensed by the North Carolina Commission of Banks office – North Carolina Mortgage Lender License L-164411; Ohio Mortgage Broker Act Mortgage Banker Exemption MBMB.850248.000; Oklahoma Mortgage Lender license #ML010730; Oregon Mortgage Lending License ML- 5208; Pennsylvania Department of Banking and Securities License 49997; Rhode Island Lender License #20163229LL. Rhode Island Loan Broker License #20163230LB. South Carolina- Board of Financial Institutions Mortgage Lender / Servicer License MLS-1025894; Tennessee Mortgage License #125659; Texas Mortgage Banker Registration 1025894; Utah DRE Mortgage Entity License 8954729; Vermont Lender License 6891. Virginia Mortgage Broker and Lender Licensee, NMLS ID 1025894; Washington Consumer Loan Company License CL-1025894; Wisconsin Mortgage Lender License #1025894BA; Wyoming Mortgage Lender/Broker License 2677. (866) 200-3210.
These materials are not from HUD or FHA and the document was not approved by HUD, FHA or any Government Agency.
Synergy One Lending, Inc. dba Retirement Funding Solutions. NMLS ID 1025894. 3131 Camino Del Rio N 190, San Diego, CA 92108. www.nmlsconsumeraccess.org These materials are not from, and were not approved by, HUD or FHA.
Reverse Mortgage Professional in Rockville, serving Silver Spring, Bethesda, Fort Washington, Cowie, Baltimore, and Leonardtown in Maryland, Alexandria and Fairfax in Virginia, as well as Northwest Washington DC.